Radiator Pressure Tester Kit: the Ultimate Guide
A radiator pressure tester kit helps you detect cooling system leaks. It’s also normally easy to use and perfect for both professional and DIY-ers. After reading this guide, you will understand what cooling system pressure testers are and how they work. I will also show you how to buy a radiator pressure tester kit for your do-it-yourself projects, how to use it, and other important information.
Why Pressure Test the Engine Cooling System?
Before looking at what a radiator pressure tester kit is, let’s see why you need to test the cooling system in the first place. This will help you see the importance of owning the kit. Also, why you should consider doing the test yourself instead of taking your car to a repair shop. .
A radiator pressure tester tool is basically used when checking for coolant leaks. Your car engine heats up quickly when running. This could have a damaging effect if not controlled. In order to regulate the engine temperature, a system consisting of radiator, coolant, and hoses is used.
The cooling system must be pressure proof, or it won’t operate properly. If it leaked, the resulting loss of pressure would cause the coolants’ boiling point to decrease. That, in turn, would lead to the engine overheating. Coolant may also spill and bring more problems.
You could visually inspect the engine and nearby components for visible spills. Unfortunately, this is not the best method to diagnose the problem. Some leaks are too small to spot by looking, while others are internal. This is where the pressure tester kit for radiator comes in
Cooling system radiator pressure testers help you locate leaks (both internal and external) quickly and with a lot of ease. Let’s see how they work.
How Cooling System Pressure Testers Work
Cooling system pressure testers are needed in order to find the cracks in coolant hoses, detect weakened seals or damaged gaskets, and diagnose bad heater cores among other problems. Also called coolant pressure testers, these tools work by pumping pressure into the cooling system to replicate a running engine.
When the engine is operating, coolant heats up and pressurizes the cooling system. That’s the condition that pressure testers create. The pressure helps reveal cracks and holes by causing coolant to drip or by allowing the smell of coolant to fill the air.
There are several versions of cooling system pressure testers in use today. There are those that use shop air to work and those that use a hand-operated pump to introduce pressure into the system.
The most common type of cooling system pressure tester is a hand pump with a pressure gauge built to it. This one also comes with a range of adapters to fit the radiator caps and filler necks of different vehicles.
The hand pump version and its many pieces is commonly called the radiator pressure tester kit. As indicated, it’s the type of tester that many car owners use to check engine cooling systems. More about the kit below.
What is a Radiator Pressure Tester Kit?
A radiator pressure tester kit is a type of pressure testing kit that allows you to diagnose the cooling systems of many different vehicles. It also allows you to carry out tests the do-it-yourself way, which saves you on costs and time. As a result, many people call it a DIY radiator pressure tester kit.
A typical car radiator pressure kit contains a small pump to which a pressure gauge is attached and several radiator cap adapters. Some kits also come with filler tools to help you replace coolant, while others include an adapter to test the radiator cap.
The hand pump helps you introduce pressure into the cooling system. This is important since it helps simulate conditions when the engine is in operation. It also makes leaks easy to spot by pressuring the coolant and causing it to produce visible spills in the cracks.
The gauge measures the amount of pressure being pumped into the system, which must match the specified level. This is usually indicated on the radiator cap in either PSI or Pascals and must not be exceeded.
Radiator pressure tester adapters, on the other hand, help you to service different vehicles using the same kit. They’re essentially caps to replace the radiator or overflow tank caps but with extensions or couplers to connect to the tester pump.
A car radiator pressure test kit can contain a few to as many as more than 20 adapters. It depends on the number of cars that it’s meant to serve. In most cases, these adapters are color-coded for easy identification. Some adapters also use additional features to make them more usable such as snap on mechanisms.
How to Use a Radiator Pressure Tester Kit
A radiator pressure test checks the cooling system’s condition by measuring how well it can hold pressure. Generally, you should pressure test the system every time you flush out or replace coolant. Also, when there are overheating problems with the engine and you suspect a leak to be the cause. A radiator pressure tester kit makes the test easy.
The conventional radiator and cap test kit contains simple parts that are easy to use. In order to illustrate that, let’s have a look at how to check for leaks when using one. You will also learn useful tips to ensure a smooth and safe process.
Without further ado, here is how to do a pressure test on a cooling system using the radiator the radiator pressure tester kit.
What You’ll Need
- Water or coolant (to fill the radiator and coolant reservoir if need be)
- Drain pan (to catch any coolant that may spill out)
- A radiator pressure tester kit for your type of car
- The car owner’s manual
Step 1: Preparations
- Park your car on a flat, level ground. Allow the engine to completely cool if it has been running. This is to avoid burns from hot coolant.
- Use the manual to find the correct PSI rating or pressure for the radiator. You can also read that on the radiator cap.
- Fill the radiator and overflow tank with either water or coolant using the right procedure and to the correct levels. Use water if planning to flush coolant to avoid wastage.
Step 2: Remove the Radiator or Coolant Reservoir Cap
- Place a drain pan under the radiator to hold any coolant that may spill out
- Remove the radiator or coolant reservoir cap by twisting in an anticlockwise direction. This will enable you fit the radiator pressure tester cap or adapter.
- Fit the correct adapter to replace the radiator cap by pushing it down the radiator filler neck or expansion reservoir. Manufacturers will usually indicate what adapter suits what car type and model. (Some older vehicles may not need an adapter)
Step 3: Connect the Radiator Pressure Tester Pump
- With the adapter in place, it’s time to attach the tester pump. This usually comes with a pumping handle, pressure gauge, and connecting probe.
- Connect the pump.
- Pump the handle while observing the pressure readings on the gauge. The pointer will move with the increase in pressure.
- Stop pumping when the pressure equals that indicated on the radiator cap. This will prevent damage to cooling system parts such as seals, gaskets, and coolant hoses.
- In most applications, the optimal pressure ranges from 12-15 psi.
Step 4: Observe the Radiator Pressure Tester Gauge
- Observe the pressure level for a few minutes. It should remain steady.
- If it drops, there’s a high likelihood of an internal or external leak. Check for leaks around these areas: radiator, radiator hoses (upper and lower), water pump, thermostat, firewall, cylinder head gasket, and the heater core.
- If there are not visible spills, the leak is likely internal and indicating a blown head gasket or faulty heater core.
- Get into the car and turn on the AC fan. If you can detect the sweet smell of antifreeze, the leak is internal.
- If the pressure remains steady for a considerable period, the cooling system is in good condition without leaks.
- A pressure drop could also result from a bad connection when attaching the tester pump. Check that also and repeat the test if connection was faulty.
Step 5: Remove the Radiator Pressure Tester
- Once done with testing the radiator and cooling system, it’s time to remove the tester.
- Start by relieving the pressure via the pressure release valve. In most cases, that involves pressing a rod on the pump assembly..
- Check to see that the pressure gauge reads zero before disconnecting the tester.
These steps on how to use a radiator pressure tester kit will help you ensure a successful test. For better results, consider these tips and instructions throughout the process.
- Never open the radiator cap on a hot engine. The coolant is such situations the coolant is hot and under pressure. Opening it exposes you to burns from a spray of hot liquid. Always allow the engine to cools first.
- Check to see that the cooling system is not pressurized or coolant will gush out when you open the radiator cap. One way to do so is by squeezing the radiator coolant hose with your thumb.
- Avoid opening the radiator cap suddenly when the system is under high pressure or coolant will spill all over. Instead, open it slowly to allow pressure to gradually escape.
- Before using the radiator pressure tester, always ensure adequate coolant at both the radiator and overflow tank.
- Never pump pressure to a level higher than that indicated on the radiator cap. Doing so risks damaging delicate parts such as seals, gaskets, and coolant hoses.
- An internal leak is difficult to detect by looking. You can only tell its presence by trying to detect the smell of antifreeze.
How to Buy a Radiator Pressure Tester Kit: Key Considerations
There are many different versions of the radiator pressure tester kit out there, so many that it can be confusing to buy the right one for your car or cars. Regardless of where you intend to purchase yours from, these tips will help you find the best radiator pressure tester kit for both your needs and preferences.
One or Several Different Cars?
Are you looking to buy a radiator pressure tester kit that you can use on a single or many different car models? The number of adapters in the kit will then come into play. The higher the number, the more the number of vehicles supported. A 28-piece radiator pressure tester kit, for example, will serve more cars than a 5-piece kit. Check, also, to see that a kit is compatible with your type of vehicle or vehicles before committing to purchase it.
Different radiator pressure test kit manufacturers use different features on their products. One of the most common is color coding the adapters to make them easy to match with vehicle types. Needless to say, this feature makes a kit more usable. Other features include snap on connecters or self-locking mechanisms. A snap on radiator pressure tester makes the entire testing process less difficult. Locking mechanisms also make connections more secure.
Cooling system pressure testers come with pumps of different pressure ratings. There are the heavy duty types with large pumps and the smaller units for similar applications. Generally, it’s advisable to choose a tester whose pressure rating that matches the number indicated on the radiator cap of your car. A higher rating will not be of any use since you cannot exceed the specified pressure during the test. Most radiators are rated between 10 and 20 psi.
Some kits feature additional tools besides the hand pump and adapters. The extra pieces include a coolant refill tool. Considering that a separate refill tool can cost up to $40, having it included in the radiator pressure test kit is an advantage. Although related to pressure testing, another useful piece is the radiator cap adapter. This part allows you to diagnose the radiator cap for pressure leak.
The radiator pressure tester price can lead you to a high quality or inferior kit. As a rule of the thumb, consider going for testers that are neither too cheap nor too pricey. While at it, do not forget to take into account the price differences caused by the number of pieces or the pump capacity. Consider the brand, too, and weigh quality against the price tag.
Radiator Pressure Tester Kit FAQs
A. When done by a professional or at a repair shop, a cooling system pressure test should cost you between $20 and $30. With a testing kit, you will not need to pay for anything, since it comes with every required tool. Considering the frequency, the cost of radiator pressure test can be quite high in the long term. Many people opt to save on that by investing in a testing kit.
A. It is. One of the biggest advantages of the kit is that it’s easy to use. This allows you to do leak tests without taking your car to a mechanic’s. In addition to saving you costs, the DIY radiator pressure tester kit saves you the time to drive to a repair shop. It comes in handy if you like fixing your own car, or if looking to detect problems yourself before involving a repair technician.
A. You can. Radiator caps serve important roles by helping regulate pressure, among other functions. They often go bad, though, causing the system to malfunction. Apart from doing a visual inspection, you can actually the cooling system pressure testers to check the cap for damage. Some kits come with adapters for this task. Watch this video to learn how to test for a bad radiator cap using radiator pressure testers.
Q4. What is a universal radiator pressure tester adapter?
A. Universal radiator pressure adapters are they type of adapters designed to fit different radiator or coolant tank configurations. When using one, it means you can pressure test many different vehicles without necessarily using different adapters. This allows you to use a kit with fewer pieces.
Q5. How much is a radiator pressure test kit?
A. The price of radiator pressure tester kits is dependent on many factors. These factors include brand, quality, and number of pieces. The particular supplier, too, since each seller will set their own prices in most cases. Generally, the cost ranges between $50 and $200.
The lowest priced radiator pressure tester kits will usually come with fewer adapters abs support fewer vehicles. They will also contain fewer additional tools and usability features. The mid-priced kits cone with better features and higher quality construction. These are also compatible with a higher number of vehicles.
The most expensive kits offer advantages in all fronts. In addition to using higher quality materials and construction, they are usually compatible with almost every car type and model. These kits also often include the coolant refill too, among other extra pieces. Their cost typically ranges from $120 to $200.
Q6. Can you rent a radiator pressure tester?
A. You can. The radiator pressure test kits for hire save you the costs to buy one. You can use these when on a tight budget or if looking to use it for a one-off test. Renting a tester also allows you to use the most expensive version of the kit but at a reduced and affordable cost. In the long run, though, buying one is more cost effective plus you can use it anytime you need to diagnose the cooling system.
Q7. What is the best radiator test kit?
A. Many factors come into play for a kit to be considered the best on the market. Most of these factors are dependent on user preferences and situation. In order to find the best radiator pressure tester, it’s crucial to take into account the considerations discussed in this guide. These include your type of car or model, kit manufacturer or brand, number of pieces, and price, among other factors.
Q8. Can a professional mechanic use a radiator pressure tester kit?
A. They can. An automotive radiator pressure tester kit suits both DIY-ers and professionals. However, the types used by mechanics are the highest priced with many different adapters and additional tools. These types of kits offer better features. Mechanics will also often use the heavy duty radiator pressure tester kit that comes with a higher capacity pump for easier operation.
A radiator pressure tester kit is useful when you need to inspect your car’s cooling system for leaks.
When buying one, be sure to take into account the factors discussed here. I would also recommend going for a quality kit based on manufacturer reputation or the stated features.
That way, you’re assured of a kit that will make pressure testing your car engine cooling system easy and accurate. That’s besides owning a durable coolant pressure tester that will serve you for a long time.